The war begun as the King Raawana invaded India (Maha
Barata)and taken the
princess Sita (wife of prince Rama) to Sri Lanka by the 'aircraft' called
the peacock like structure made up of wood).
Raawana kept Sita in a cave with the security provided by his "Yashka"
Despite the well known power of Rawana and his continuous request
to marry him, Sita never considered the request.
in the meantime collected troops and weapons to fight back Raawana and
launched the war against Rawana. Rama finally won
after a ferece battle with
the help of Vishnu, Vibhihana (now Gods in Hindu Religion) and the monkey
Then he picked up his wife from the cave and returned
to India to become the king of India.
Dr. Mirando Obeysekere - Daily News Thu Mar 6 2003
Was Sigiriya the abode of King
This was the question of Dr. Lal Sirinivas
of Bangalore who accompanied me to observe the historical and geographical facts as well as the background of world famous
Sigiriya the rock fortress of Sri Lanka. Sigiriya is one of the unique monuments of antiquity as well as pre-historic culture
in our country. According to the Ramayana this giant fortress had been the Alakamanda Palace of King Kuwera about 50 centuries
King Kuwera was the grandson of Maharishi
Pulasthi who was in Polonnaruwa. Kuwera's father Visravasmuni was the elder son of Maharishi Pulasthi. Kuwera was the elder
son of Visravasmuni's first marriage with Princes Illavila, the beautiful daughter of a Brahmin - hermit called Bharadwaja
Magina. Later King Visravasmuni married Kesini, the beautiful daughter of Sumalin King of Asura so, king Visravasmuni had
a group of children by his second marriage with Kesini. They were Raawana, Vibhishana, Kumbakarana Hema and Suparikha.
Kuwera, the first son of King Visravasmuni
ascended the throne of Sri Lanka after the death of his father and ruled the country in a just and righteous manner. So, with
the passage of time, Raawana the step brother of Kuwera, advanced in power, and got interested in the reign of Sri Lanka.
Then he asked for the transfer of Alakamanda which was the abode of Kuwera, along with the throne and aeroplane called "Pushpika".
Kuwera was furious because of the unjust request of Raawana and chased, him away. But Raawana was not a coward to be easily
bullied by anyone and he gathered of his Yakkha relatives to wage war against Kuwera. Within a very short time Raawana the
warrior came to power and got all of Kuwera's wealth, including the palace, throne and the air plane.
Some original historical records relate
that the Sinhala race was formed by the combination of four Sri Lankan tribes such as Naga, Yakkha, Dewa and Gandhabba all
related to Maharishi Pulasti's family. So, the Sivhelas (four tribes) who worshipped the sun god were united under the flag
of king Ravana and developed this resplendent island to be the treasure house of the Orient. The Raawana flag depicting
the Sun and Moon with Ravenna's portrait is the oldest flag of Sri Lanka. The present lion flag was brought here by King Vijaya
about 25 centuries ago.
As soon as Ravana came to power he built
a temple for his beloved parents. King Visravasmuni and Kesini it is said that worshipping dead leaders was an ancient ritual
of Yakkha nobles in Sri Lanka."
Visravasmuni Temple" at Anuradhapura
had been changed into a Buddhist shrine after the days of King Pandukabaya, who had a special regard for Yakkhas. This identifical
temple is now called "Isurumuniya" The world famous stone carving of the lovers - at Isurumuniya Vihara - depict none other
than the parents of Ravana.
Chithrakuta According to ancient ola
manuscript - "Raawana Katha" the foremost designer of Sigiriya was the talented architect called Maya Dannawa. He had built
Sigiriya for the order of king Vistawas the father of King Ravana. Sigiriya was known as Alakamanda during the days of Kuwera
and later it was known as Chitrakuta.
"Raawana Katha" an ancient ola book says
that, after Ravana's death Vibhishana came to power and transferred the royal Palace - fortress and the capital from the hill
country to Kelaniya. Then, Chitrakuta the Palace fortress of Raawana became the residence of a Yakkha noble called Chithraraja,
a relative of Vibhisana, Chitraraja, the hero who helped King Pandukabhaya (437-367 BC) and his parent was a descendant of
Chitraraja senior. Since the days of King Pandukabhaya, Chitraraja Palace had been a Yakkha temple and later king Dhatusena's
son Kassapa (459-447 AD) arranged a coup d'etat against the father and chose Chitrakuta temple for his palace fortress as
he had a belief that his mother too was a descendant of Yakkha dynasty. King Kassapa is the only King who had renovated Chitrakuta
(Sigiriya) and maintained it as Ravana did.
"Raawana Katha" the ancient ola book
relates that world famous frescoes of Sigiriya depict the beautiful damsels of Ravenna's harem and later those murals had
been re-drawn by those who maintained the treasure house. Most of the blue figures depict the Yakkha damsels and others depict
Naga, Deva and Gandabbha damsels. The beautiful flowers in their hands show the national unity.
Chitrakuta is the only Sri Lankan fortress
which had a wooden lift operated from top to bottom. If any one enters this great fortress through the lion's head, he will
be able to see a huge hole on the rock. Stone structures and stands both on the top and bottom of this "route-hole" are believed
to be places on which the wooden lift had been fixed. King Ravana's period was famous for woodcraft and they used a "lift"
too, for the day to day work in the fort.
History relates that Ravenna's air-plane
was also made of light wood which was brought from Himalayan forests. Archaeologists, historians and some legends say that
there were more than 500 paintings on the walls of Chitrakuta and most of them had been dilapidated due to natural causes.
King Raawana was talented in all the fine arts as well as physician and pundit.
So, we Sri Lankans should be proud enough
to have Chitrakuta or Sigiriya, the world's oldest palace fortress.